Pigmentation: why it happens and how to treat it based on skin tone?



Pigmentation is the discoloration of the skin at some spots or the entire body of a person. This effect on the skin is not harmful to the health or a condition that causes pain. However, it may get painful to watch for anyone who is concerned about the color and texture of the skin. A change in the amount of Melanin like being concentrated unevenly at some points on the skin is the reason for the pigmentation. It is available to buy skincare products online for preventing this from happening or as a remedy.

This kind of discoloration can happen as the after-effects of some genetic diseases or certain conditions like pregnancy even if it is not a condition by itself. It is also considered a symptom of several hereditary illnesses. Melanin is vital for the unique color skin has and its increase or decrease can cause extra darker or extra lighter skin. Diet practices, sun exposure, dehydration, diseases or conditions, and more can be a reason for the pigmentation problems on the skin.

Treating discoloration on the skin is not much of a problem especially with a market filled with beauty products. There are various beauty products online Dubai can offer to get back the smoothness and perfect color of any type of skin. Let’s take a look at the different reasons for the pigmentation and some medications.

Why Pigmentation Happens


why pigmentation happens

Cells on the skin are the reason for everything like external factors such as color, texture,  etc., and internal factors like hydration, plumpness, etc. The reason for any state of the skin when considering pigmentation is due to the backstage work of a complex polymer called melanin, which is produced in the outer layer of the skin. Melanins are cells that also have internal organs named melanosomes.The state of these nano-organs inside a melanin cell is the main reason for any kind of pigmentation on the skin.

Everything about a human body is listed as healthy when several factors like cell distribution and hormones are balanced. The unbalanced amount of anything can cause skin conditions or other serious diseases. Two major ingredients of melanin named Eumelanin and Pheomelanin play the judge role in the case of pigmentation on the skin.

Genetic variations and hormones are the main reason for the production of each of these melanins. The skin will be at the height of its health when the production and performance of melanin at a good and healthy pace.

Types and Reasons of Pigmentation

Pigmentation happens in different types such as hyperpigmentation, hypopigmentation, and depigmentation according to various reasons. These kinds of discoloration on some portions of the skins, as little dots, or the entire body.

  • Hyperpigmentation

Hyperpigmentation on the skin is the result of a superfluous amount of melanin produced. Certain portions where the increase of melanin is concentrated will look much darker or in any unusual color than the skin normally looks.

Various reasons for the occurrence of hyperpigmentation include conditions such as pregnancy or Addison’s disease. Other causes that anyone can face that lead to the situation consists of aging of the skin, birthmarks, certain pills like antibiotics, Sun exposure, or it can happen as the after-effects of treatments like light therapy, laser therapy, etc.

  • Hypopigmentation

Hypopigmentation is the coloration of the skin that works the straight opposite of Hyperpigmentation. The decrease of Melanin is the reason for the Hypopigmentation while the increase causes Hyperpigmentation. In this case, the skin will look lighter in color than usual.

Some people have a less amount of melanin production due to the genetic reasons that can cause light skin. Infections, injuries, burns, chemical exposures, and blisters alongside conditions like psoriasis and eczema can cause Hypopigmentation on the skin.

  • Depigmentation

Depigmentation happens when the skin loses all its color from certain portions where a condition called Vitiligo happens. Vitiligo is the state in which the skin loses the pigments created by the Melanocyte cells. This will cause complete discoloration and the skin will look extremely light and smooth in texture. Small hairs that grow in those regions affected by this condition may also become white along with the skin.

Treatment for Pigmentation


Treatment for Pigmentation


It is important to have an understanding of the skin and the pigmentation type a person has before starting treatments for any discoloration. Some pigmentations can be resolved with the products available in the beauty and skin treatment section of the healthcare industry in the market. Another factor that comes in between the decision on the treatment method is the cause of the discoloration.

Some pigmentations can be resolved by living healthy and having a little care with good skincare products. Instead, in some other cases, it will be vital to seek the help of a qualified dermatologist and keeping up with their suggestions.

Treating Hyperpigmentation

Help from a dermatologist must be sought before applying any skin care products you find in the market even if they are rated good for treating hyperpigmentation. Hyperpigmentation can happen due to various reasons which only a qualified dermatologist can find out through checkups and tests.A medication prescription that contains topical hydroquinone works well with most cases. However, it is not recommended to use without the surveillance of a dermatologist especially in people with darker skin.

Applying more hydroquinone on the skin regularly can make the coloring on the skin worse. Even though they are considered as one of the top treatment methods for dark spots on the skin, they are not recommended for everyone or anyone for a long period. A dermatologist can route you with the right amount of application and duration of products.

Topical retinoids are also used for the medication against hyperpigmentation for few months. The results will be seen only in few months with both these topical medication practices. Using sunscreen is one of the best ways to keep the skin safe from hyperpigmentation. And it does not take much effort to add the application of a high-quality sunscreen of SPF 30 to 50 into your skincare routine.

Reapplying sunscreen in the cases where there are chances of the applied sunscreen get washed away. The reason is to keep the skin out of harm from excess sunlight all the time. Sun-protective clothes are also recommended for people with skin that can get affected by the sun easily.

There are extra-level treatment methods like light treatment, laser treatment, and other chemical-induced methods. All of them are selected and done with the supervision of a dermatologist.

Treating Hypopigmentation and Depigmentation

The main reason for the lightness of your skin might be the skin damages that will take time to get resolved itself. In most cases, time and patience is the only prescription needed to grow the skin back and strong. Skincare products can be used to make the lightened spot of the skin similar to the color of the actual skin.

Dermabrasion, laser and resurfacing therapy, tanning, and several other treatment methods are used for hypopigmented or depigmented skin conditions. However, most of these treatment methods are recommended only after a prescription is done by a skin specialist.

Thoughts on Pigmentation of Skin

Changes in the color of the skin will be always confusing and concerning if the reason is unknown. So, reaching out to a dermatologist is more recommended for any kind of skin condition. You can buy skin care products online that can help to keep the color and health of your skin intact. Any kind of pigmentation becomes a nightmare especially for a person who is more into the beauty matters of the skin.

This makes it more relevant to seek help from an expert who knows skin well. They will lead you to the best practices to be done for regaining the actual color and healthier skin.

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